Endoscopy and biopsy

Flexible endoscopy is one of the world’s most common investigating techniques and is a flexible tubular-like camera instrument that is inserted into the body’s natural openings to examine the cause of the patient’s discomfort. The endoscope has strong illumination and video camera, as well as a working channel for flexible instruments that enable sampling of suspected tumor tissue.

During the examination, samples (biopsies) are taken from the organs and from any suspicious changes that are discovered. The tissue samples are usually taken with disposable instruments such as biopsy forceps or small needles. Several samples via the endoscope are usually taken and sent for microscopic analysis to determine whether it is cancer or not. The importance of the quality of the test (biopsy) is crucial to determine whether the patient suffers from a disease and, if so, what type exactly.

If the quality of the sample is poor, a reexamination might be required or other more complicated and risky methods considered. Flexible endoscopy became popular in clinical practice in the 1970s and has since revolutionized diagnostics and treatment of cancerous diseases.

The most commonly examined organs with flexible endoscopes are the stomach, the intestines and the respiratory tract. BiBBInstruments are developing flexible disposable instruments for sampling in all of these organs and tissues.

For the diagnosis of tumors in the breast and other forms of tumors, for example liver and prostate, no endoscope is required. For these applications, BiBBInstruments is developing rigid and shorter core-needle instruments.